Types of Hajj
- Hajj at-Tammatu
Hajj and Umrah separated
- Hajj al-Qiran
Hajj and Umrah combined
- Hajj al-Ifrad
You will most likely be completing Hajj at-Tamattu. This is when you complete Umrah, remove Ihram and then re-enter Ihram for Hajj.
Hajj al-Qiran is when you do not remove your Ihram and you complete Umrah followed by Hajj without coming out of the state of Ihram.
Hajj al-Ifrad is when you only do Hajj without Umrah but it is only allowed if you are travelling with a sacrificial animal.
Before leaving home for the journey
Remember that your Hajj might be the last time you visit the Haram and may be the single most important journey of your life. There are a few things that are recommended, according to the Sunnah, before you leave:
- Settle debts. If unable then ask your debtor permission and forgiveness. Make arrangements in case you die on the journey 1
- If you have wronged someone, return their right or ask their forgiveness
- Advise and encourage your family with good
- Perform ghusl of ihraam and apply perfume 2
1 “Whoever wronged his brother with regard to his honour or any other matter, should seek his forgiveness today, before there are no longer any dinars, or dirhams (the day of judgement); and if he has any righteous deeds, they will be taken from him, in accordance with the wrong he did; and if he has no righteous deeds, some of the sins of his counterpart will be taken and added to his burden.”
2 “Whoever wronged his brother with regard to his honour or any other matter, should seek his forgiveness today, before there are no longer any dinars, or dirhams (the day of judgement); and if he has any righteous deeds, they will be taken from him, in accordance with the wrong he did; and if he has no righteous deeds, some of the sins of his counterpart will be taken and added to his burden.”
Asking forgiveness before you leave
If you think you have not oppressed anyone or that you have never taken someone’s right, then you probably have not thought hard enough about it. A common right which we take, is that we backbite others. If you have backbitten an individual, then ask their forgddiveness and make du’a for them.
There is a common habit amongst people where they send a general forwarded message to their entire contacts as a Text Message or a broadcast Whatsapp message. This is incorrect, a Muslim should only ask forgiveness from those who they have wronged, and if they have wronged someone they should ask forgiveness properly not as a general forwarded messaged.
As you leave the house recite the dua for travelling
Dua for travelling
اللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ، اللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ، اللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ سُبْحَانَ الَّذِي سَخَّرَ لَنَا هَذَا وَمَا كُنَّا لَهُ مُقْرِنِينَ وَإِنَّا إِلَى رَبِّنَا لَمُنْقَلِبُونَ، اللَّهُمَّ إِنَّا نَسْأَلُكَ فِي سَفْرِنَا هَذَا الْبِرَّ وَالتَّقْوَى ، وَمِنَ الْعَمَلِ مَا تَرْضَى ، اللَّهُمَّ هَوَّنْ عَلَيْنَا سَفْرِنَا هَذَا وَاطْوَعَّنَّا بَعْدهُ ، اللَّهُمَّ أَنْتَ الصَّاحِبُ فِي السَّفَرِ، وَالْخَلِيفَةُ فِي الأَهْلِ، اللَّهُمَّ إِنِّي أَعُوْذُ بِكَ مِنْ وَعْثَاءِ السَّفَرِ، وَكآبَةِ الْمَنْظَرِ وَسُوءِ المُنْقَلَبِ فِي الْمَالِ وَالأَهْلِ
Allah is the greatest, Allah is the greatest, Allah is the greatest, How perfect He is, The One Who has placed this (transport) at our service, and we ourselves would not have been capable of that, and to our Lord is our final destiny. O Allah, we ask You for birr and taqwa in this journey of ours, and we ask You for deeds which please You. O Allah, facilitate our journey and let us cover it’s distance quickly. O Allah, You are The Companion on the journey and The Successor over the family, O Allah, I take refuge with You from the difficulties of travel, from having a change of hearts and being in a bad predicament, and I take refuge in You from an ill fated outcome with wealth and family